Pond Water – Backgound Information
Pond Water – Background Information
Ponds are made of still, fresh water, along with different kinds of plants and animals. They can be made naturally or by humans and are usually no more than 1.8 metres deep. Ponds are usually designed to look good and to provide a small aquatic habitat in your garden. There are many components to a pond that will make it a successful habitat:
Placement & Surroundings
In order to create a successful pond habitat, you must have plants growing in
and around the pond. Open ponds are more successful than closed ones, as more
sunlight is made available to the plants for photosynthesis.
Microorganisms such as phytoplankton and algae are the first part of the
food chain in pond habitats, and are essential for sustaining life in that
Ponds are made up of a number of zones, with different plants living in each:
- Bankside Zone – Plants that like damp areas should be planted here, such as willowherb.
- Marsh Zone – This is the area closest to the ponds edge, plants such as mud-sedge grow well in this area. Plants in the marsh zone are good for attracting fauna to your pond as they provide good shelter for animals such as frogs.
- Aquatic Zone – Only truly aquatic plants can live in this area. Some plants have leaves that float on the water surface, such as water-lilies. Other plants, such as starwort, are fully submerged. Submerged plants provide most of the oxygen in a pond, so if you want to keep fish in your pond make sure you have plenty fully submerged plants.